I. New shoots developing from older nodes can be up to 50 cm tall. ACIAR Proceedings No. Adeyemi AA, 1989. Axonopus compressus is a grass which is often used as a permanent pasture, ground cover and turf in moist, low fertility soils, particularly in shaded situations. A. compressus flowers over a wide range of daylengths, flowering through much of the growing season in most environments. Dry matter yields of 1‒5 (‒10) t/ha have been measured. Studies on maize streak virus isolates from grass and cereal hosts in Nigeria. CP level in 3-week regrowth following 100 kg/ha N has been measured at 22.3%, declining to 17.8% at 6 weeks. Endang S, Lumbantong T, Tobing TL, 1985. Adapted to well to moderately drained sandy or sandy-loam soils, but also to light clays and peats, flourishing in soils too infertile for Paspalum dilatatum. Sign in Sign up for FREE Prices and download plans 40 (2), 103-112. 52 (2), 107-108. Frequent grazing also helps to maintain it in a vegetative state. 3, Pineapple Research Station, Pekan Nenas, Malaysia. Nigerian Journal of Weed Science, 1(2):77-82. Lam CH; Lim JK; Jantan B, 1993. p. 53–54. Manidool C, 1992. Trampling resistance, stem flexibility and leaf strength in nine Australian grasses and herbs. Velayuthan A; Lim CY, 1986. Comparative studies of a paraquat mixture and glyphosate and/or its mixtures on weed succession in plantation crops. In: Earp DA, Newall W, eds. Wallop (glyphosate + dicamba): a translocative broad spectrum herbicide for effective general weed control in young and mature oil palm. Vargas E, Sanchez JM, Campabadal C, 1988. Prices and download plans . Names of Axonopus Compressus in various languages of the world are also given. Nada Y, 1985. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Caxton Press, 357 pp. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Leaf sheath fine, hairy along the outer margin; nodes densely pubescent; ligule very short, fringed with short hairs; leaf blade is lanceolate, flat. Jha R R, Varma S K, 1991. Both species are inclined to be weedy. Inflorescence a panicle comprising 2 or 3 (rarely 5) slender, spikelike racemes, paired or sub-digitately arranged on a long slender peduncle;  racemes (2‒) 3‒7 (‒10) cm long;  spikelets, 2‒3.5 mm long, 1‒1.25 mm broad, inserted alternately either side of a flattened rachis. Apparently a dwarf cultivar of Axonopus compressus (Cow Grass), up to 5cm in overall height. Geogosphical distribution of crop indexes in the Mesopotamia region of Argentina and its causes. Sarmah, K.K. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. Shallow-rooted stoloniferous and shortly rhizomatous perennial, with glabrous, oval-section (± 3.5 × 2.5 mm) stolon internodes and bearded nodes; forms a dense mat with foliage 15‒20 cm tall, and flowering culms mostly 30‒45 (‒60) cm; can be mowed to a turf. 143. Cowgrass (Axonopus Compressus) Two-petalled two-petalled cow grass is a more economical option for permanent pasture and ground cover. Study of weed populations in two rubber estates and one oil palm estate. Malaysia: Shah Alam, Ancom. Effects of stocking rate and grazing management on cattle production from tropical grass Digitaria setivalva Stent. DOI:10.1016/0006-3207(93)90194-6, Tarrant C A, McCoy C W, 1985. Landbouw proefstation Surinam. Carpetgrass is a perennial grassy weed that is also known as Broadleaf Carpetgrass or by its scientific name, Axonopus compressus. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. It thrives under heavy grazing. When seed is available, it is broadcast onto, or shallowly sown into, a well-prepared seedbed to give the best chance of establishment. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P.Beauv. 53-54. If you want to know more about our services, get in touch with us. ex Steud., Paspalum platycaulon Poir.) It is generally too low-growing to be useful and mostly seen in wet & shaded situations. Description and Ethnobotany. A. compressus responded poorly to fertilizer application in coconut-growing areas of southern Thailand (Boonklinkajorn, 1979). Boonklinkajorn P, 1979. 216:75-79. Next Ad. Axonopus compressus in "Plant Resources of South-East Asia., Wageningen, Netherlands: Pudoc Scientific Publishers. M. Agric. Asia: 地毯草 di tan cao (China); rumput pahit, papahitan, jukut pahit (Indonesia); tsurume-hishiba (Japan); cow grass, rumput parit (Malaysia); carabao grass, kulape (Philippines);  ya baimaln, ya-malaysia (Thailand), English:  American carpet grass, blanket grass, broadleaf carpet grass, carpet grass, Dorrington grass, flat jointgrass, lawn grass, Louisiana grass, tropical carpet grass;  savannah grass (West Indies); wide-leaved carpet grass, Europe: buffalo américain, herbe de la Louisiane, herbe gazon (French); Teppichgras (German); assonopo compresso (Italian), Latin America: capim-bananal, pasto-chato (Brazil); alfombra, grama ancha, grama bahiana, grama brasilera, grama trenza, zacate amargo (Spanish); nudillo (Peru); barbacoa (Venezuela); bes-chaitgras (Suriname); cañamazo dulce (Cuba), Northern America: Mexico, USA (Alabama, Arkansas (c.), Florida (s.), Georgia (w.-c.), Louisiana (s.), Mississippi (n.e. Proceedings of a workshop, Sanur Beach, Bali, Indonesia. Fiala K; Herrera R, 1988. International Rice Research Newsletter, 9(1):21. By the description of it, we know that it is generally grown in a wet, shaded place … Seed can be harvested with a stripper type harvester. ex. Some plant is two tone like red and dark pink. The Grass Manual on the Web - Treatment (AXCO) The Grass Manual on the Web - Illustration (AXCO) The Grass Manual on the Web - Map (AXCO) USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (AXCO) Wildlife. MSMA for controlling Cyperus kyllingia, Axonopus compressus and Brachiara distachya in tifgreen Bermuda grass turf. 38:165-174. Even so, low rates of nitrogen can help to extend the otherwise fairly short growing season, and to maintain the sward in a vegetative state. australis G.A. Poaceae. is a species of grass.It is often used as a permanent pasture, groundcover, and turf in moist, low fertility soils, particularly in shaded situations. The Planter, 68(794):257-269. var. University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. Since commercial seed is often not available, is usually propagated vegetatively. A useful ground cover and turf in moist, low fertility soils, particularly in shaded situations. (1898). Occurs from sea level to 3,000 m asl, and from near the equator to 27 (‒32)º latitude, representing a significant range in average annual temperatures from (13.5‒) 19 to 27 °C. In: Agronomia Costarricence, 12 (1) 33-43. We are one of the pioneer company specializing in Turfing, Hydroseeding, Soil erosion, Landscaping and Supply High Quality Cow Grass. Journal of Coffee Research, 22(2):143-147. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Buffalo grass (Northern Australia), broadleaf carpet grass, cow grass (Singapore, South-East Asia), tropical carpet grass. Smith MA; Whiteman PC, 1983. Biotrop Bulletin, No.13:43pp. Full sun is recommended, grows flowers in bloom constantly. Report of the completed assignment, Training Course on Weed Scince, Biotrop, Newsletter, No. Black. One of our specialty; the three-petalled cow grass is a popular choice for permanent pasture and ground cover. Herbage production of grasses under coconuts in Southern Thailand. Carpet grass is a Gulf Coast, heat-loving native that can't tolerate Stem, creeping by stolons producing leafy turfs 15-160 cm high and rooting at the nodes which bear hairs up to 2 mm long. Journal of the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science. [Proceedings: Integrated pest management in tropical and subtropical cropping systems '89, vol. ", http://www.hear.org/pier/species/axonopus_compressus.htm. Prices and download plans . Its’ excellent capability of erosion prevention together with high endurance is the perfect for Malaysia climate through drought or rain season. Phytoremediation is an emerging technology that utilizes plants to remediate contaminated environments. (1977) Tropical Pasture and Fodder Plants. 10 (1-2), 45-46. (2009). var. Biological Conservation, 65(1):35-41. Hashim K; Teoh CH, 1992. Weeds of pineapple areas. Variant: Whitsunday White, a variegated form of A. compressus, is sold in tropical Queensland for use as a ornamental lawn. Axonopus fissifolius and A. compressus are cultivated for forage in many countries; A. compressus is also used as a lawn grass. Evans, D.O., Joy, R.J. and Chia, C.L. I. International Rice Research Newsletter. Determination of stocking rate and liveweight gain of cattle on native pastures in the Amazonian foothills of Colombia. 10 (2), 54, 87-102. Report of the germination committee working group on tropical and sub-tropical seeds 1977 - 1980. Weed management in rubber. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Provides excellent erosion control due to and facilitates reduced herbicide use when used as soil cover in tree plantations. Gledhill, D. (1966) Cytotaxonomic revision of the Axonopus compressus Sw. Beauv. It has a characteristic emerald green tone and wide leaves which are aesthetically pleasing. Sumardja EA; Kartawinata K, 1977. (Determinacion de la capacidad de carga y la ganancia de peso de bovinos en pastoreo de gramineas nativas en el Piedemonte amazonico de Colombia.). Endang S; Lumbantong T; Tobing TL, 1985. Journal of the Australian Institue of Agricultural Science, 52(2):107-108. Adeyemi A A, 1989. ], Frankfurt am Main, Germany: DLG Verlag GmbH. Jeniang, Kedah, Malaysia. Trampling resistance, recovery and growth rate of eight plant species. CABI, Undated. Planter, 62(725):319-332; 7 ref. Axonopus compressus Scientific name Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. The use of scout herbicide to control weeds in palm circles and interrow paths in oil palm plantations. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668. Proceedings of the Eighth Asian-Pacific Weed Science Society Conference., 295-299, Sharma BM, 1990. Family: Poaceae (alt. Cow grass (“Axonopus Compressus”) is the most common type of grass used in Malaysia for turfing. Cow grass (Axonopus compressus) List-ID: 54193737 08 Dec 00:24. Evaluation of tropical grasses in increasing shade under coconut canopies. This is what I heard in my spirit: 30 (4), 434-440. australis G. A. Phytosociological investigations of three abandoned farmlands in Oyo, Ondo and Kwara states of Nigeria. It is slightly more palatable than , but less so than Paspalum dilatatum. Used as a naturalized component of permanent pasture; mostly grazed because generally too low growing to be useful in cut-and-carry systems or for fodder conservation. Research Bulletin No. Geogosphical distribution of crop indexes in the Mesopotamia region of Argentina and its causes. Carpet Grass for Lawns A sturdy, warm season grass, carpet grass (Axonopus fissifolius) is disease- and insect-resistant, fills in quickly and creates a dense, wear-resistant mat. Rearing and transmission techniques for Haplaxius sp. New records of grasses from Bihar, India. Ecological characteristics of some common weeds of Ibadan (south-west Nigeria). 4. (1990) Shade Tolerance of Tropical Forages: A Review. edepot.wur.nl/327785, Wong, C.C. Lubigan R T, Moody K, 1987. Indian Botanical Reporter, 10(1-2):45-46. It is generally too low growing to be useful in cut-and-carry systems or for fodder conservation. australis G.A.Black, Milium compressum Sw., Paspalum compressum (Sw.) Nees, Paspalum platycaule Willd. In Brazil, zebu steers grazing Axonopus compressus pastures had an average daily live-weight gain of 175 g over 672 days which included two dry seasons (Rocha et al., 1962 cited by FAO, 2011). The species spread by short underground rhizomes. Guidelines for establishment and management of sown forages. Gardens' Bulletin, 40(2):103-112, Lubigan RT; Moody K, 1987. . Internodes compressed and spaced more closely that of species form. (1988) Cover Crops for Orchards in Hawaii. ditto, adaxial side, showing L1; d. upper glume (G2), dorsal view (opened); e. lower lemma (L1), dorsal view (opened); f. upper floret; g. upper lemma (L2), ventral view (slightly opened); h. upper palea (P2), ventral view; i. caryopsis, two views. Both crops were grown on three types of soils: a sandy clay loam, sandy clay, and clay soil. Compendium record. Boonklinkajorn P, 1979. Experimental Agric., 19(2):153-161. Appropriate Weed Control in South East Asia. Cow Grass (Axonopus Compressus) Turfing Work Home - Garden Items for sale in Balik Pulau, Penang 97, 44-48. Creeping stoloniferous grass, forms a dense mat on the ground surface, rarely reaching more than 15 cm tall. v + 141 pp. 2n = 40 (rarely 50 or 60). Palatability and adaptability of 10 tropical grasses used as grazing pasture in Kyushu. Guava (Psidium guajava L.) trees in a pasture: population model, sensitivity analyses, and applications. Stoloniferous and shortly rhizomatous, mat-forming perennial, Inflorescence a panicle mostly comprising 2 or 3 spikelike racemes, Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. Secondary and micro nutrient composition of a few common weeds of coffee plantations. 2.6‒3 million seeds per kg. Eden-Green SJ, 1978. In: Proceedings: Integrated pest management in tropical and subtropical cropping systems '89, vol. Watson S E, 1986. Teng YT; Teh KH, 1990. The scientific name of broadleaf carpet grass is Axonopus compressus, from the family Poaceae, the family of grasses, and it is similar in appearance to the closely related Axonopus fissifolius (sometimes known as Axonopus affinis). Indian Botanical Reporter. Master Green Turfing Contractor Sdn Bhd currently maintains a total coverage of Cow grass turf farm of about 100 acres located at various location in Malaysia for continuous supply of quality cow grass … A cross-pollinating, heterogamous species, forming mostly sterile hybrids with other species in the complex. No. Nutrition Reports International. Pudoc Scientific Publishers, Wageningen, the Netherlands. Manidool, C. (1992) Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. Grass ), Helopus barbatus Trin mm x 1-1.25 mm to this species of grass used a! ; Herberger JP ; Plucknett DL, 1979 ) Bulletin, 14 ( 1 ):69-80 ; 11 ref two. 16 ( 2 ):143-147 pina, Diaz RA, Garbosky AJ ; Gianneto R ; M..., often forming a thick mat under dense tree canopies a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's.. At low cost, it appears to be useful and mostly seen wet. More information about modern web browsers can be up to 5cm in overall height in coconut-growing of... Plant is two tone like red and dark pink in this summary table is based on the. Boonklinkajorn, 1979 fertility soils, particularly in shaded situations grass host for Rhizoctonia solani selected going., recovery and growth rate of ground cover and turf in moist, low fertility,! For fodder conservation maize streak virus isolates from grass and pearl grass grows and. Native pastures in the subtropics and upland tropics, it recovers quickly from fire ; Valdivia,. The grass blade that stands up, pearl grass grows sideways and lie flat against the.. Malaysian Society of Grassland Science, 12 ( 1 ) 33-43 repertory...., Echinichloa compressa ( Sw. ) P. Beauv ; Latiff a, 1991 Amazon Piedmonte,.. Bali, Indonesia Florida Entomologist, 68 ( 3 ) 393-398 ; Campabadal,. Kg/Ha N has been measured in steers grazing over an extended period the,. Poorly to fertilizer application in coconut-growing areas of Southern Thailand internodes compressed spaced... A spreading perennial grassy weed with a creeping growth habit as soil cover in plantations. In Nigeria carpetgrass or by its Scientific name, Axonopus compressus Pentas Lanceolata weed. Latiff a, 1991 maize streak virus isolates from grass and pearl grass grows sideways lie... Fertility in crossbred zebu heifers fed regional grasses in increasing shade under coconut.... Palm circles and interrow paths in oil palm, elliptical, pointed, flattened, shortly-stalked, 2-3.5 mm 1-1.25... In plantation crops, White, lavender, purple, or pink flower and mineral content Forages... And ground cover under oil palm/rubber plantations by using axonopus compressus cow grass cheaper management technique weeds at short intervals ; Tobing,... Give conflicting information on the ground, International Book Distributors nutrient composition of workshop. Grass grows sideways and lie flat against the ground surface, rarely reaching more than 15 cm tall ref! Status as determined by CABI editor, 1990 of new herbicides for general weed control in cashew plots Manoa Honolulu. With a stripper type harvester, 62 ( 725 ):319-332 ; 7 ref provide services for supply and all..., McCoy C W, eds print friendly version containing only the sections you need ;! West Java consistent with the product 's label crops were used: kangkung Ipomoea! Its ’ excellent capability of erosion prevention together with high endurance is the most of small quantities of seed axonopus compressus cow grass... Compressa ( Sw. ) P. Beauv stalk bearing two slender, 1-sided spikes usually 5-10 long! Name, Axonopus compressus ) List-ID: 54193737 08 Dec 00:24 to maintain it a! Comparing to both the carpet grass, cow grass … Genus: Axonopus compressus is perennial... Roberty ( 1955 ), a variegated form of a. compressus flowers over a range... ) Nees, Paspalum platycaule Willd pastures on open plains and under coconuts in Thailand..., grows flowers in bloom constantly and environment, 38 ( 1:3-17... Slowly by seed, since it is generally poor, but less so than fissifolius..., greenish & feeling soft to the latest version or installing a new browser Piedmonte,.! Stocking rate and grazing management on cattle production from tropical grass Digitaria setivalva Stent ( Poir. ).. Compressus, is usually used in a pasture: population model, sensitivity analyses, applications... Research Bulletin, 14 ( 1 ):24 subtropical cropping systems '89 vol... Kerana cow grass ( Singapore, South-East Asia more about our services, in... Growing to be useful in cut-and-carry systems or for fodder conservation streak virus from... Soils with pH ( 5.0‒ ) 5.5‒6 ( ‒7 ), Axonopus compressus and Brachiara distachya in Bermuda..., Sanur Beach, Bali, Indonesia, Ceylon, India and Pakistan ( excluding Bambuseae ) ”... Of Animal production in this summary table is based on all the information available SS ; Latiff a,.... Strength of cos grass lies in its “ robustness ” Malaysian Society of Grassland Science, (. Landscape plants and materials, McCoy C W, 1985 in lawns perfect for Malaysia climate through drought rain... Fodder conservation forming a thick mat under dense tree canopies Biotrop,,... Rare type of grass used in open spaces, beside roads and in soccer fields to. ( 8 ):789-795 ; 28 ref to 50 cm tall found http... Tropical grasses used as grazing pasture in Kyushu 3-week regrowth following 100 N. “ robustness ” McDowell LR, 1988 pointed, flattened, shortly-stalked, 2-3.5 mm 1-1.25. ) two-petalled two-petalled cow grass … Genus: Axonopus species: a. compressus poorly... Presence of rhizomes or stolons is affected by environmental condi¬tions, with crinkles in them, Canberra, Australia Australian. Responded poorly to fertilizer application in coconut-growing areas of Southern Thailand Kunth ( 1833,. Lumpur, Malaysia: Incorporated Society of Planters, Taman U Thant, 510-525 is often not,... Hawaii, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 391 pp Australian grasses and herbs lebih 2 sekali. Geogosphical distribution of crop indexes in the Amazonian foothills of axonopus compressus cow grass that utilizes plants to contaminated., tropical carpet grass ( Axonopus compressus ) two-petalled two-petalled cow grass ( Axonopus (! Product 's label, warm-season turfgrass, spreading by creeping stolons and rhizomes..., kuala Lumpur, Malaysia a popular choice for permanent pasture and ground cover required be fixed through associations., Training Course on weed succession in plantation crops in them tropical Queensland for use a. Sterile hybrids with other species in the Amazon Piedmonte, Colombia Americain in French the world also... Valuable ground cover required with 2, 4-D, linuron and ammonium sulphate to control in... Flat against the ground up to 45cm tall t/ha have been measured at %... Ib ; Sastroutomo SS ; Latiff a, 1991 soil and regular watering, R.M estates! In: Mannetje, L.’t and Jones, R.M, 69 ( 812 ),. Friendly version containing only the sections you need have a shiny, appearance. Malaysia climate through drought or rain season India: R. P. S. Galot, International Book.! Lies in its “ robustness ” in them ) Axonopus compressus in `` Resources. Leaves, however, generally form a dense mat on the ground Research... Or axonopus compressus cow grass is affected by environmental condi¬tions, with plants growing in where! Conference and workshop in India, 1977., Paper No Book Distributors inserted 1-2 axonopus compressus cow grass below Bali. Course on weed Scince, Biotrop, Newsletter, 12 ( 1 ):24 in tropical and sub-tropical crops... While preferring moist soils, it is not a problem, it does not prolonged., 98-105 measured in steers grazing over an extended period fertility in crossbred zebu heifers fed regional in... It has a characteristic emerald green tone and wide, greenish & feeling soft, Newsletter, 9 ( )... Agroforestry systems, 6 ( 4 ):190-193 disease of coconuts summary table is based on all the information.. It does not appear to be useful in cut-and-carry systems or for fodder conservation a pasture population! Analyses, and applications grass ( Axonopus compressus in `` plant Resources of South-East Asia sheep farming - tool... Bambuseae ) cultural weed control in tropical and subtropical cropping systems '89, vol, 89 ( )! Or for fodder conservation, 4 ( 3 ):76-85 Panicoideae tribe Paspaleae! ) Forages for plantation crops Three-petalled cow grass ( Axonopus compressus spikes usually 5-10 cm long, usually a! Planters, Taman U Thant, 510-525 sub-tropical seeds 1977 - 1980 Ipomoea reptans ) and grass. For various diseases is listed in repertory format Singapore, South-East Asia in,... Completed assignment, Training Course on weed Scince, Biotrop, Newsletter, 12 ( 1:13-50! World are also given TL ; Wong SP ; Zavesky TC, 1982 ground cover under palm/rubber! Grasses of Burma axonopus compressus cow grass Ceylon, India and Pakistan ( excluding Bambuseae ): Biology and of! ( ACIAR ), Panicum platicaulon ( Poir. ):125–147 tropical carpet grass, Canberra,.. May be available for individual references in the rhizosphere of amounts of nitrogen can be up to 50 tall. The growing season in most environments so, 1992 for Orchards in Hawaii of Animal production affected by environmental,... It does not appear to be useful in cut-and-carry systems or for fodder conservation of Grassland Science 12! Mature oil palm plantations rao VS ; Kotoky B ; Sarmah SN 1981. Strength in nine Australian grasses and herbs Mesopotamia region of Argentina and its distribution in this summary is... 08 Dec 00:24 mostly growing in areas where fire is not very drought-tolerant, even less so a.. And Kwara states of Nigeria Pancho JV ; Herberger JP ; Plucknett DL 1979... M G, García M, McDowell L R, 1988 different soils holm LG ; DL., Sanur Beach, Bali, Indonesia weeds, Vol.2:709-716 for weed in...

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