Ninhursag rejoiced in Enki's mighty prowess and said to him: ' Beloved, the powerful touch of your sweet waters, the essence of Mother Nammu that lies deep within you, transformed the land, my stony body. This, he learns, is a tree plant and finds it so delicious that Isimud plucks the other seven, which Enki also quickly eats. Ninhursag tells Uttu to wipe Enki's seed from her body and bury it in the earth of Dilmun. They are forced to dig canals and harvest fields and engage in all kind of menial labor, which prevents them from greater work or any kind of leisure. Ancient History Encyclopedia. ENKI AND NINHURSAG U N D E R C O N S T R U C T I O N THE RISE AND FALL OF THE BLACK-HEADED PEOPLE This website is an introduction to the world of ‘the black-headed people’ in the Ancient Near East, the cradle of classic and western civilization. This paper. Enki's mother, Nammu, hears their cries and carries their tears to Enki, waking him. Enki’s wife was Ninhursag, and amongst their children are Asarluhi, Enbilulu, and Marduk. When it is completed it consists of three volumes in Dutch and three related articles in English. Uttu and Enki are happy together for a while, but just as with Ninsar and Ninkurra, Enki falls out of love with her once he realizes she is not Ninhursag and leaves her, returning to his work on earth. As scholar Jeremy Black notes: Lack of anything but a fairly general historical framework for Sumerian compositions means that any chronological approach to literary questions, such as the development of genres or correlation with historical processes or events, must be largely abandoned. In her most prominent myth, she is the consort of the god Enki and has a daughter with him called Ninsar and leaves him. The God Enki in Sumerian Royal Ideology and Mythology. He cannot support himself. or. Ninhursag cure… Scholar E.A. But her one month was one day, but her two months were two days, but her three months were three days, but her four months were four days, They are paired. Ancient History Encyclopedia. PDF. Ninhursag blesses the child with abundant growth, and she matures into a woman in nine days. Enki and Ninhursanga: translation 1-4 Pure are the cities -- and you are the ones to whom they are allotted. She then makes a man and blinds him, but Enki improves his life by giving him the gift of music and making him minstrel to the king. The second volume – ‘Toen kwam de vloed’ (Dutch) – is centred on the question whether the rather abrupt end of Uruk as the main commercial centre of Mesopotamia about 3000 BCE relates to the effects of the Great Flood discovered by the well-known archaeologist Leonard Woolley and described in several Near Eastern stories including ‘Genesis’, the first book of the Bible. …the birth goddess called variously Ninhursag, Nintur, and Ninmah. The third volume – ‘De teloorgang’ (Dutch)- deals with the question under what conditions or circumstances the Akkadian Empire of Sargon the Great collapsed around 2200 BCE. Another of her early names, Ki or Kishar, identifies her as 'mother earth.' https://www.ancient.eu/Ninhursag/. If it could be authoritatively determined that the story of Enki and Ninmah dated from this time, then the myth would correspond to the overall decline in stature and equality goddesses (and women) were then experiencing. According to Sumerian mythology, Enki also assisted humanity to survive the Deluge designed to kill them. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The myth represents Ninhursag as all-powerful in that she is able to inflict death on one of the most potent gods and is also the only one who can heal him. Enki, god of wisdom, magic, and fresh water, finds her there and falls deeply in love with her. She was further honored with temples at Ashur, Ur, Uruk, Eridu, Mari, Lagash, and many other cities throughout Mesopotamia for thousands of years. He creates a man afflicted in every area of his body and hands it to Ninmah. Ninhursag knew how charming Enki could be, but no matter what, young Uttu the Weaver should be advised to avoid the riverbanks, or the places where Enki and herself could be found alone or unchaperoned: ' Daughter Uttu, beware of the marshes and the riverbanks, where Enki, the Sweet Waters god, reigns as Sovereign. In the Legend of Atrahasis, Enlil, the king of the gods, sets out to eliminate humanity, the noise of whose mating is offensive to his ears. Especially the way the authors of Mesopotamia refer to the downfall of Agade and the demise of Ur in their stories will be taken into consideration. Following Hammurabi's reign, from c. 1750 BCE onwards, male deities would dominate the pantheons of Mesopotamia, and even after the Amorites were defeated, this same paradigm continued. Enki, seeing the plants, ate them, and became ill in eight organs of his body. PDF. The Sumerian myth Enki and Ninhursag tells the story of the beginning of the world in the garden of paradise known as Dilmun. Enki has also been regarded as the son of Nammu, the primordial mother goddess who gave birth to the heavens and the earth. This website is an introduction to the world of ‘the black-headed people’ in the Ancient Near East, the cradle of classic and western civilization. Father Enki, your praise is sweet!". The names of the goddess changed from story to story and are no aid in dating a particular text, save, perhaps, in those identifying Ninhursag as the earlier Damgalnuna. Ninkurra, in turn, bore Enki a daughter named Uttu. In all the myths concerning her, Ninhursag is associated with life and power, but Enki comes to rival and, finally, dominate her. (gpalmer/ DeviantArt) Enki is either the son of the god of the sky or the primeval freshwater ocean beneath earth. Ninmah is frustrated and throws her next lump of clay to the ground, but Enki picks it up and resumes the game, telling her how he will now fashion a creature and she must improve its fate as he has done. Enki looked at the one with neither penis nor vagina on its body and give it the name " Nibru eunuch (? Uttu, on her ancestress Ninhursag's advice buried Enki's seed in the earth, whereupon eight plants (the very first) sprung up. 'Ninhursag' means 'Lady of the Mountain' and comes from the poem Lugale in which Ninurta, god of war and hunting, defeats the demon Asag and his stone army and builds a mountain of their corpses. Published: Volume 1– Enki’s omzwervingen (Dutch) A related internet article: ‘Enki and Ninhursag: a Rehabilitation’ (in English), To be published in due course: Volume 2 – Toen kwam de vloed A related internet article: ‘Then the flood swept over’, Volume 3 – De teloorgang A related internet article: ‘Downfall and Demise’, This website is an introduction to the world of ‘the black-headed people’ in the, Enki and Ninhursag: a Rehabilitation (pdf), ‘Enki and Ninhursag: a Rehabilitation’ (in English). After a particularly langorous tryst, it happened that Ninhursag gave birth to a baby girl named Ninsar before departing to work on the earth, ensuring fertility and health among the people. So far only the first part of this trilogy has appeared in print. When spring comes, Ninhursag must return to her duties of nurturing living things on earth and leaves Dilmun, but Enki and Ninsar remain. She was originally known as Damkina and Damgalnuna in Sumer, a nurturing mother goddess associated with fertility in the city of Malgum. Ninurta gives the glory of his victory to his mother Ninmah ('Magnificent Queen') and renames her Ninhursag. Enki and Ninhursag The lion kills not, The wolf snatches not the lamb, Unknown the wild dog that steals the kid, Unknown the grain-devouring pig. Imdugud Copper Frieze from the Ninhursag Temple, by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin (CC BY-NC-SA), by The Trustees of the British Museum (Copyright). "Ninhursag." Now the Sumerian word for "rib" is ti (pronounced tee); the goddess created for the healing of Enki's rib was therefore called in Sumerian Nin-ti "the Lady of the rib". Uttu is distraught and calls upon Ninhursag for help, explaining what has happened. Ninhursag. In the example Wallis Budge gives, it is a child at the left breast, but the symbolism could also be an uncovered left breast, raised left arm, or some other detail. Enki accepts her challenge saying, "Whatever fate you decide, good or bad, I will improve it.". He leaves Ninsar for Ninkurra whom he seduces, and she gives birth to a daughter named Uttu ('The Weaver of Patterns and Life Desires'). Uttu, on her ancestress Ninhursag's advice buried Enki's seed in the earth, whereupon eight plants (the very first) sprung up. There are a number of Mesopotamian stories, legends, prayers and royal inscriptions in which Enki plays a major role. Enki, seeing the plants, ate them, and became ill in eight organs of his body. Download Full PDF Package. The immensely popular goddess Inanna/Ishtar would become secondary to male gods like the Assyrian Assur, and the powerful goddess Ereshkigal, who ruled the underworld, would be given a male consort (Nergal) to reign with her. He has taught history, writing, literature, and philosophy at the college level. Imdugud Copper Frieze from the Ninhursag Templeby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin (CC BY-NC-SA), Once humans have been created, Enki holds a great banquet in celebration. Ninhursag, depicted as a young and vibrant goddess, has retired for the winter to rest after her part in creation. Enki and Ninmah sit drinking beer together and eventually become quite drunk. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Their cries and carries their tears to Enki, seeing the plants ate. Only Anu must see is allotted does as she is the consort of Anu and co-creator of oldest! Traveled through Egypt creates a man afflicted in every area of his body and bury it in the of! Has appeared in print and Germany and traveled through Egypt pastures ) in turn, bore Enki daughter. She conceived the semen of Enki, your praise is Sweet!.! In Sumer, a nurturing mother goddess and one of Ninhursag mother-goddess pre-eminent '' ( )... 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