Changes made in the British Indian army after the Revolt of 1857. It established local traditions of resistance to British rule which were to pave the way for the modern national movement. The Indian public which does not like sudden changes was applied with the new laws and customs which were anathema to the … This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 5392 times. The proportion of Europeans to Indians in the army was raised. Revolt of 1857 Cause Spread ... 17,3, 083 in 2017 - 18 and 2,352 in 2018 - 19. The reign of Dalhousie had been quite momentous for the Britishers as he had pursued a policy of territorial aggrandisement and extended the dominions of the empire. Over 6 lakh users. The Revolt of 1857 was not one movement but many. Under him the British followed an expansionist policy in India. The revolt was between Indians and Britishers which took place in the year 1857 in North India especially. Answer: The revolt did not happen overnight. This sparked a collective uprising in the form of the revolt of 1857. Click to download our app! The annexation of Indian states by the Company cut off their major source of patronage Before 1857, there were two wars that acted as a milestone to establish English as the supreme power in India: Tag:IAS UPSC IASbaba RSTV Debate, RSTV Big Picture UPSC IAS, [jetpack_subscription_form subscribe_text=”” title=””], 2nd Floor, Above Carzspa, EduRev is like a wikipedia The immediate cause of the Revolt of 1857 was the incident of the greased cartridge. So, they wanted to provide a platform to the people, where they could discuss their political problems. It is also known as India’s First war of independence. You can download Free Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev pdf from EduRev by There were many reasons behind such resentment – Low salary as compared with the British soldiers. This had helped me too my project …..thanks a lot upsc cracker please update to any other information like other view or cause of revolt 1857 ….how is failure revolt 1857 nd …..what is the main cause gor tht Causes of Failure of the Revolt of 1857: One of the reasons for the failure of the revolt was that the area of the revolt remained limited. The Indians were strictly excluded from the higher posts. On the other hand, Rest states had actively participated in the revolt of 1857 against British rule. Modern educated Indians viewed this revolt as backward looking, and mistakenly hoped the British would usher in an era of modernisation. The Revolt of 1857, upsc notes. using search above. The Indian trade and mercantile class were deliberately crippled by the British who imposed high tariff duties on Indian-made goods. The British Parliament, on August 2, 1858, passed an. Socio-Political Cause. The rebels represented diverse elements with differing elements with differing grievances (not common). You can see some Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev sample questions with examples at the bottom of this page. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. One may say that the revolt of 1857 was the first great struggle of Indians to throw off British Rule. Knowl all about the revolt of 1857, its causes, leaders etc. A. Mir QasimB. Destruction of traditional Indian Economy, Ruin of agriculture by draconian land reforms, Annexation of princely states = no patronage for artisans = destruction of Indian handicrafts, Loss of status for Zamindars = ashamed to work = anger against British, Aggressive policies of Subsidiary Alliance , Doctrine of Lapse, Rampant corruption and exploitation especially at lower levels of administration (police, local courts etc. Causes of Revolt of 1857 Political Causes – The British expansion had led to the propagation of unjust policies that led to the loss of power of... Economic Factors -There were various reforms in the taxation and revenue system that affected the peasants’ heavily. It brought out in the open grievances of people and the sepoys, which were seen to be genuine. perfect preparation. The proclamation also promised equal and impartial protection under the law to all Indians, besides equal opportunities in government services irrespective of race or creed. Poor arms and equipmentExplanationHindu and Muslim unity was actually seen as a positive factor in this revolt. The rebellion came to be known as Paika Bidroh (Paika rebellion). out UPSC lecture & lessons summary in the same course for UPSC Syllabus. THE REVOLT OF 1857. The revolt of 1857 forms one of the most important chapters in the history of the struggle of the Indian people for liberation from the British rule. It was estimated that not more than one fourth of the total area and not more than one tenth of the total population was affected. Gorkhas too helped the British cause. Another cause of sepoy discontent was the withdrawal of the Foreign Service allowance (‘batta’), which the sepoys were getting for fighting outside the country. 8m 10s. The revolt of 1857 was a desperate effort to save India in the old way and under traditional leadership. Socio-Religious Causes of 1857 Revolt One of the major reasons for the revolt was socio-religious policies of the British which included racial superiority and discrimination, missionary activities and deliberate efforts to subvert the religious beliefs of the people in India. Though rampant corruption in administration by the British was a cause but it was prevailing since the time British people entered India. Published: November 1, 2016 . Provincial Administration: The British had divided India for administrative convenience into provinces, three of which- Bengal. This course discusses the reasons why the Revolt of 1857 took place, creating a background of the various possible reasons and how each one contributed individually to this great uprising against the British Rule. Secondly, the organization of the Indian section of the army was based on the policy of ‘divide and rule’ so as to prevent its chance of uniting again in an anti-British uprising. It was believed that in order to avoid another political crisis like 1857, a vent was required to channelize the discontent of Indians. REVOLT OF 1857. Vijaynagar, Bangalore 560040, IASBABA, 5B, Pusa Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi – 110005. Published: October 17, 2011 The successive Governor generals appointed by the crown and based at Calcutta expanded the domains of British India over the period of time up the time of Lord Dalhousie, whose conquests against Punjab and Burma pushed the frontiers of the British India against Afghanistan and Burma. If you want Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev The immediate cause of the revolt was the introduction of the new Enfield rifle and the greased cartridge. The revolt of 1857 was an uncontrolled rebellion against the rule of British east India Company in India. The authority over India, wielded by the Directors of the Company and the Board of Control, was now to be exercised by a Secretary of State for India aided by a Council. Apart from some honourable exceptions like the Rani of Jhansi, Kunwar Singh and Maulvi Ahmadullah, the rebels were poorly served by their leaders. The annexation of Indian states by the Company cut off their major source of patronage 6. The main point with regard to the 1857 challenge, however, was that both the military and civilian revolts merged and this made it really formidable. Causes of Failure of the Revolt of 1857: One of the reasons for the failure of the revolt was that the area of the revolt remained limited. Question 4:Which of the following is incorrect with respect to failure of the 1857 revolt? Question 3:Which of the following personalities did not fight in 1857 revolt? The Revolt of 1857 was much more than a mere product of sepoydiscontent. The reign of his successor witnessed a big conflagration-the Great Revolt of 1857. Directive: It was a mere 'Sepoy Mutiny’ to some British historians—"a wholly unpatriotic and selfish Sepoy Mutiny with no native leadership and no popular support”, said. Most of them failed to realize the significance of the Revolt and simply did not do enough. The significance of the Revolt of 1857 lies in the fact that it voiced, through violently, the grievances of various classes of people. 8m 10s. UPSC. On May 9, eighty-five of them were dismissed, sentenced to 10 years imprisonment, and put in fetters. (250 words) Modern history by Spectrum publications. was unknown in India, yet the revolt of 1857 played an important role in bringing the Indian people together and imparting to them the consciousness of belonging to one country. Another cause of sepoy discontent was the withdrawal of the Foreign Service allowance (‘batta’), which the sepoys were getting for fighting outside the country. This is Some Muslims also supported British. The broad outlook of the rebels was not influenced by religious identity but by the perception of the British as the common enemy. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The Spread of the Revolt of 1857. It shook the foundations of the British empire in India and at some points it seemed as though the British rule would end for all time to come. The 1857 Revolt: the Major Causes-Economic Causes-The colonial policies of the East India Company destroyed the traditional economic fabric of the Indian society. 10m 05s. Secondly, the organization of the Indian section of the army was based on the policy of ‘divide and rule’ so as to prevent its chance of uniting again in an anti-British uprising. From the beginning of the political influence .of the British after the Battle of Plassey in 1757, the British faced resistance from various sections of the society. South India remained quiet and Punjab and Bengal were only marginally affected. At that critical juncture, Bakshi Jagabandhu Bidyadhar — the military chief of the King of Khurda — led his motley army of Paikas forcing the British East India Company forces to retreat. 10th May 1857 : Ninety sepoys of 3rd Native Regiment at Meerut revolted on the issue of the greased cartridges. But the Revolt of 1857 did. Find the incorrect match for the centre of the revolt and associated british officer. The Army Amalgamation Scheme, 1861 moved the, 'Conservative brand of liberalism’, as it was called by, In accordance with the Queen’s Proclamation of 1858, the, The complete structure of the Indian government was remodeled and based on the notion of a master race justifying the philosophy of the ‘. Why this question: The question is straightforward and is based on the theme of revolt of 1857. The spark that led to a mutiny in several sepoy companies was the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. The majority of the rebels consisted of the sepoys who were discontented with the discrimination they faced in the service in the British army. The loading process of the Enfield rifle involved bringing the cartridge to the mouth and biting off the top. The limited territorial spread was one factor, there was no all - India veneer about the revolt. He was the first rebel who was hanged in the revolt of 1857. Hindu-Muslim unity was absentD. The sever famines which devoured millions of people remained issues, that were never addressed. The British captured Delhi on September 20, 1857, thus the great House of Mughals was finally and completely extinguished. The reason for this mass upsurge has to be sought in the nature of British rule which adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of the society. The revolt of 1857 witnessed in large parts of North and Central India was an armed rebellion triggered due to number of political and economic policies of British. Landmark: Just 50m from Karol Bagh Metro Station, GATE No. 8 (Next to Croma Store), e-CLASSROOM LEARNING PROGRAM (e-CLP) 2021. Entire south India, Punjab, and the territory towards its north and west Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Bengal remained aloof from the revolt. Religious and Social Causes – Racism or racial discrimination used to be believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 whereby Indians had been exploited and … The soldiers from Punjab supported the Company. Economic. Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev notes for UPSC is made by best teachers who have written some of the best books of Indian National Congress was founded by a Retired Civil Servant and not by any Indian. Rulers who did not participate included the. A new section of army like Punjabis, Gurkhas and Pathans were recruited in large numbers. On May 10, they released their imprisoned comrades, killed their officers, and unfurled the banner of revolt. This spontaneous raising of the last Mughal king to the leadership of the country was a recognition of the fact that the long reign of the. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes. Answer: The revolt did not happen overnight. They are discussed below: Political causes. Battle of BuxarExplanationBattle of Plassey is where the Nawab of Bengal lost to the East India Company and end up giving economic and political rights to the British for the first time. Reasons for revolt of 1857. Rampant corruption in the Company’s administration, especially among the police, petty officials, and lower law courts, was a major cause of discontent. Local bodies like education, health, sanitation and water supply were transferred to local bodies that would finance them through local taxes. REVOLT OF 1857. 4.6. It has gotten 5410 views and also has 4.9 rating. This Course deals with all the aspects pertaining to The ... 6 lessons • 51 m . Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. Here we outline the various social factors that helped cause the revolt. The ‘Paika Bidroha’ (Paika rebellion) of 1817, led by Bakshi Jagabandhu [Bidyadhar Mohapatra] in Khurda of Odisha, Battle of Plassey: British (Robert Clive) Vs Siraj ud Daula(Nawab of Bengal), Battle of Buxar: British Vs. Mir Qasim (Nawab of Bengal) & Shuja ud Daula (Nawab of Awadh). It took place when the British East India company wrested the rent-free land that had been given to the Paiks for their military service to the Kingdom of Khurda. After the event of Barrackpore, on 10 th May, 1857 General Bakht Khan who was posted in Meerut, along with the contingent of troops from Meerut and Bareily, marched to Delhi, and then the context of the revolt was set, when he declared Bahadur Shah Zafar as the leader of the revolt. Battle of Plassey is where the Nawab of Bengal lost to the East India Company and end up giving economic and political rights to the British for the first time. A) Heavy taxation B) But down on major patronage for artisans and handicrafts C) increasing availability of market for Indian cotton. The Revolt of 1857 gave a severe jolt to the British administration in India and made its reorganization inevitable. Not a shilling was spent from the British treasury on the defense of the India. The British annexed territories on the basis of the subsidiary alliance and doctrine of lapse, and by … Some views such as those of L.E.R. 1 rating. Financial difficulties led the Government to further decentralize administration by promoting local government through municipalities and district boards. Turban, Forced to travel overseas, which was forbidden in Hindu tradition, Unequal pay for Indian sepoys + racial discrimination and subordination, Newly introduced Enfield rifles had beef fat coatings (trigger point), Racial discrimination towards native Indians (Theory of White Man’s Burden), Religious propagation by the Christian Missionaries, Reforms like Abolition of Sati, Widow-Remarriage Act, and Women’s Education were seen as interference in the traditional Indian Society. Your One-Stop Solution for All round UPSC Civil Service Exam Preparations. this is your one stop solution. Furthermore, the senseless atrocities committed by both sides shocked the Indian intellectuals who were increasingly convinced that violence was to be eschewed in any struggle for freedom. Do check out the sample questions 10th May 1857 : Ninety sepoys of 3rd Native Regiment at Meerut revolted on the issue of the greased cartridges. The civilian population who joined the sepoys turning the revolt into an uprising against the British consisted of different class viz. The British annexed territories on the basis of the subsidiary alliance and doctrine of lapse, and by … Revolt was not spread all over the countryC. CAUSES OF REVOLT OF 1857 The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. Rees Christians or T. R. Holmes who saw in it a conflict between civilization and barbarism were also forwarded. UPSC Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev Summary and Exercise are very important for perfect preparation. It shook the foundations of the British empire in India and at some points it seemed as though the British rule would end for all time to come. to start IES Prep and Strategy, 8 Tips Card, GATE 3. You will read about what are the causes that led to this war and what is outcome of this and how company rule ended and crown rule started in our country. Immediate banning of cow slaughter was ordered once the revolt was successful in a particular area. The Indian army was carefully re-organised after 1858, most of all to prevent the recurrence of another revolt. Political Causes: Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India till 1848-1856. Towards 1857 revolt In 1856, Lord Canning succeeded Lord Dalhousie as the Governor General of India. The British were made to realize that all was not under control in British India. The causes of the Great Revolt can be grouped into Political, Economic, Military, Social. The collapse of rulers—the erstwhile aristocracy—also adversely affected those sections of the Indian society. Entire south India, Punjab, and the territory towards its north and west Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Bengal remained aloof from the revolt. Priya Singh. your solution of Causes - The Revolt Of 1857 UPSC Notes | EduRev search giving you solved answers for the same. Administrative policies of British government: Introduction of Judicial Reforms, Abolition of sati & Operation of Christian Missionaries in India. It was said that the INC was started by Viceroy Lord Dufferin with the help of an ex Civil Services member as a “Safety Valve” against the popular discontent. (250 words) Modern history by Spectrum publications. The educated middle class, which was a growing section, did not believe in violence and preferred an orderly approach. for different reasons. Battle of WandiwashC. Reasons for revolt of 1857. Some Muslims also supported British. The other provinces were administered by Lieutenant Governor and Chief Commissioners appointed by the Governor-General. For this, the retired Civil Servant A O Hume, founder the Indian National Congress. The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to quite a number of elements which are referred to below: 1. The revolt was finally suppressed. Poor quality of food, It led to far-reaching changes in the system of administration and the policies of the British government. Analyse. Local bodies like education, health, sanitation and water supply were transferred to local bodies that would finance them through local taxes. Article On The Rebellion Of 1857: The Sepoy Mutiny is the popular name of the Rebellion of 1857. The tenure of Dalhousie was pathetic as far as concerns of the Indian natives are concerned. Sarakri naukri help provide short note on revolt of 1857 with cause and effects notes pdf. Critically comment. Causes of the Revolt of 1857. Learn everyday with Experts!! 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